[Video]: What Is The Religion Of Islām | Shaykh Muḥammad ibn Ṣāliḥ al-ʿUthaymīn

What Is The Religion Of Islām | Shaykh Muḥammad ibn Ṣāliḥ al-ʿUthaymīn

The Questioner: We have come to know in previous sittings about many things, and all praise is due to Allāh, regarding monotheism; but in the beginning of this gathering of ours, we wish to know what exactly is the religion of Islām?

Shaykh Muḥammad ibn Ṣāliḥ al-ʿUthaymīn: “All praise is due to Allāh the Lord of the creation and I offer supplicate that the prayers of peace and the blessings of Allāh be upon our Prophet Muḥammad and his family and companions altogether. Islām in terms of its general meaning is to worship Allāh the Exalted with what He has legislated from the acts of worship that His messengers brought from the time that His servants worship Allāh the Exalted with whatever He has legislated until the establishment of the Hour.

So this includes what Noah () brought in terms of guidance and the truth as well as well as what Moses brought and what Jesus brought and it also includes what Abraham () brought and he was the leader of the monotheists. Likewise, Allāh has mentioned that in several verses [of the Qurʾān] which indicate that the previous legislations, all of them are Islām [meaning submission] to Allāh the Mighty and Majestic.

However, according to its more specific definition it applies to what the Prophet [Muḥammad] () was sent with because what the Prophet [Muḥammad] () was sent with abrogated all of the previous religions. So then it became such that whoever followed him was a Muslim and whoever opposed him was not a Muslim because this individual has not submitted to Allāh but rather instead submitted to his own desires.

So the Jews were Muslims during the time of Moses () and the Christians were Muslims at the time of Jesus (). However, after the sending of the Prophet [Muḥammad] (), they disbelieved in him so they are not Muslims. For this reason it is not permissible for anyone to believe that the religion of the Jews and the Christians as they practice it today is a correct religion that is acceptable to Allāh and equal to the religion of Islām.

Rather, the one who believes that is a disbeliever outside of the religion of Islām because Allāh the Mighty and Majestic says: “Certainly, the religion with Allāh is Islām (submission to the will of Allāh).” [Sūrah Āl-ʿImrān 3:19] And He the Mighty and Majestic says: “And whoever desires other than Islām (submission to the will of Allāh) as a religion, then it will never be accepted from him.” [Sūrah Āl-ʿImrān 3:85]

And this Islām that Allāh sent to him is the Islām that Allāh sent down to Muḥammad and his community as mentioned in His statement: “This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and chosen for you Islām as your religion.[Sūrah al-Māʾidah 5:3]

And this text is explicit regarding anyone other than this community after the sending of the Muḥammad () is not upon Islām. And due to this, whatever they practice as a religion will not be accepted from them; nor will it benefit them on the Day of Judgment. And it is not lawful for us to consider it a religion that is lasting and unaltered.

And it is for this reason that it is a grave error for someone to describe the Jews and Christians as our brothers or for someone to say that their religion is lasting due to what we have already established previously. And when we say that Islām is to worship Allāh the Glorified and Exalted with whatever He has legislated, then this includes submitting to Him externally and internally.

So this encompasses all of the religion; its creed, actions and statements. However, whenever [the term] Islām is coupled with [the term] īmān (faith), then [the term] Islām refers to the external acts including the speech with the tongue and acts of the limbs whereas [the term] īmān (faith) means the internal actions like belief and the actions of the heart.

And from what further substantiates this distinction is the statement of Allāh the Blessed and Exalted: “The Bedouin Arab said we have believed. Tell him you have not believed. But rather say we have submitted (in Islām) since faith [īmān] has yet to enter your heart.” [Sūrah al-Ḥujurāt 49:14]

And the statement of Allāh regarding the people of Lot: So We brought out whoever was there from the believers (muʾminūn). And then We did not find more than a single house of Muslims (muslimūn).” [Sūrah al-Dhāriyāt 51:35-36]

So here Allāh differentiates between believers (muʾminūn) and Muslims (muslimūn). This is because the house that was in the village was an apparently Islāmic household since it included the wife of Lot who betrayed him and disbelieved. As for those who left it and escaped it, then they were the true believers for whom faith (īmān) entered into their hearts. And for this reason this indicates the difference between faith (īmān) and Islām when they are mentioned together the ḥadīth of ʿUmar ibn al-Khaṭṭāb () which contains: ‘That Jibrīl asked the Prophet () about Islām and faith (īmān).

Then the Prophet () said to him to bear witness that nothing is deserving of worship except for Allāh and that Muḥammad is the Messenger of Allāh and to establish the prayer, offer the obligatory charity (zakāh), fast [the month of] Ramaḍān and perform the pilgrimage (Ḥajj) to the House.’ And he said regarding faith (īmān): ‘To believe in Allāh, His angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day and the divine decree both the good of it and evil of it. ’

So what this means is that Islām whenever it is stated includes the entire religion; it includes faith (īmān). And whenever it [Islām] is coupled with faith (īmān), it is interpreted to refer to the external actions including the statements of the tongue and the actions of the limbs. And faith (īmān) is interpreted as referring to the internal actions including beliefs of the heart and its actions. Yes.”

Translated By: Abul-Layth Qāsim Mutiva

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